How To Encapsulate Vinyl Tile With A Concrete Topping


Encapsulating old vinyl tile with a concrete topping is a cost-effective and stylish way to update your flooring without the hassle of removing the existing material. This method is particularly useful in scenarios where the vinyl tile contains asbestos or is too difficult to remove. This blog post details the process as demonstrated in Duraamen’s instructional video, guiding you through each step to achieve a seamless finish.

Why Encapsulate Vinyl Tile?

  • Safety: Encapsulation is a safe alternative to removing old vinyl tiles that may contain asbestos.
  • Aesthetics: Provides an opportunity to refresh the look of a space with a variety of color and texture options.
  • Durability: Concrete toppings are durable and long-lasting, suitable for high-traffic areas.

Step-by-Step Guide to Encapsulation

  1. Surface Preparation: Ensure the vinyl tile is well-adhered to the substrate. Patch any loose tiles, cracks, or seams to prevent imperfections from showing through the topping.
  2. Applying Skim Coat: Use Duraamen’s Skraffino skim coat to create a level surface and cover any seams or joints in the vinyl.
  3. Primer Application: Apply a primer like CP1000 to enhance the adhesion of the concrete topping.
  4. Concrete Topping: Mix and apply Duraamen’s Param SSL, a semi-self-leveling concrete topping. This can be tinted to match or change the existing décor.

Customization and Finishing Touches

  • Color Matching: Choose a tint for the concrete topping that complements your interior design scheme.
  • Surface Texture: Select the desired finish for your concrete topping, whether smooth or textured.


  1. Can all types of vinyl tile be encapsulated with concrete topping?

  • Yes, most vinyl tiles can be encapsulated, especially if they are well-adhered to the substrate. It’s crucial to repair any loose or damaged tiles beforehand.
  1. Is it necessary to use a skim coat before applying the concrete topping?
  • Yes, applying a skim coat like Skraffino helps level the surface and cover any seams, ensuring a smoother finish for the concrete topping.
  1. How long does it take for the concrete topping to cure?
  • The curing time can vary based on the product and environmental conditions but typically takes about 24-48 hours before it’s ready for light traffic.
  1. What are the advantages of using Duraamen’s Param SSL for encapsulation?
  • Param SSL is semi-self-leveling, which helps create a uniform and level surface easily. It can be tinted to match any color scheme, providing flexibility in design choices.

Encapsulating vinyl tile with a concrete topping is an efficient and stylish way to upgrade old flooring. Following these steps will help you achieve a durable and modern look for your floor without the need for extensive demolition or removal.

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